Fossil fuel emissions

Fossil Fuel Emissions

Emissions data for years 2015 and 2016 are preliminary.


Cite as: Boden et al. (2017), UNFCCC (2017), BP (2017), USGS (2017)

CDIAC: Boden, TA, Marland, G and Andres, RJ 2017. Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions, Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., USA. DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/00001_V2017.
UNFCCC, 2017. National Inventory Submissions 2017. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Available at:; accessed June 2017.
BP, 2017. Statistical Review of World Energy. Available at:
USGS, 2017. Mineral Commodities Summaries: Cement, U.S. Geological Survey. Available at:

Consumption-based Fossil Fuel Emissions

Cite as: Updated from Peters et al. (2012) and Peters et al. (2011)

Peters, GP, Minx, JC, Weber L, and Edenhofer, O. 2011. Growth in emission transfers via international trade from 1990 to 2008. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. DOI:10.1073/pnas.1006388108. Available at:

For an explanation of issues around consumption emissions, see:

Peters, GP, Davis, SJ and Andrew, R. 2012. A synthesis of carbon in international trade. Biogeosciences, 9, 3247-3276. DOI: 10.5194/bg-9-3247-2012. Available at:

The use of data is conditional on citing the original data sources.


Land-Use Change Emissions

Updated from Houghton et al. (2012): Houghton, RA, House, JI, Pongratz, J, van der Werf, GR, DeFries, RS, Hansen, MC, Le Quéré, C, and Ramankutty, N. 2012. Chapter G2 Carbon emissions from land use and land-cover change, Biogeosciences. DOI:10.5194/bg-9-5125-2012. Available at:

The use of data is conditional on citing the original data sources. Data for years 2015 and 2016 are preliminary.


Gross Domestic Product

GDP: IEA/OECD 2016. CO2 Emissions From Fuel Combustion Highlights 2016. Available at:


UN, 2017. World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision. United Nations Population Division. Available at:

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